Parasomnia - a destructive sleep disturbances, which can occur during a wake after sleep phase with rapid eye movement or partial arousals during the sleep phase with slow eye movement. By parasomnias types include nightmares, night terrors, sleepwalking, waking up with the confusion, and much more.

Types of parasomnias

Nightmares - is vivid dreams, which can cause a feeling of fear, terror, and \ or anxiety. Usually, after the nightmare of people waking up sharply (which usually occurs in REM sleep period) and can describe in detail the content of a dream. After the nightmare is often very difficult to fall asleep again. The cause of nightmares can be different, including illness, anxiety, loss of a loved one, a negative reaction to medications. If nightmares are repeated more than once a week, or they interfere with your sleep for a long period of time, you need to consult a doctor.

Night terrors. A person experiencing night terrors, waking up suddenly with a sense of fear. It may seem that the man woke up. It can be confused and unable to react to the environment. Usually a person does not respond to voice and it is difficult to completely wake up. The attack of night terrors can last about 15 minutes, after which the man lies down and falls asleep again. In the morning, people often do not remember what happened during the night. Night terrors are like nightmares, except that the attack of night terrors happen during deep sleep.

People experiencing night terrors may harm themselves or others, as they may inadvertently make sudden movements and kicking. Night terrors are quite rampant in children. About 5% of all children experience night terrors in the period from three to five years. In addition, children in conjunction with night terrors can talk or walk in a dream. This sleep disorder is often inherited, it can also occur in adults. Severe emotional stress and \ or drinking alcohol increases the chance of night terrors in adults.

Sleepwalking - the movement of a person in a dream. After sleepwalking episode a person can not recall it. Sleepwalking most often occurs during the sleep phase with slow eye movement (steps 3 and 4) in the first half of the night and sleep during the phase of rapid eye movement in the first hours of the morning. Most often, this disorder occurs in children aged from eight to twelve years. But sleepwalking may occur in children and younger and adults.

Sleepwalking is hereditary. In contrast to conventional wisdom to wake a man during sleepwalking episodes completely harmless. Sleepwalker can only be embarrassed, or at some time lost in space. Although human awakening during a sleepwalking episode - not dangerous, but the episode can be very dangerous for the man himself, since he is not aware of his environment and can crash into any objects or fall. Children usually to ten years of sleepwalking passes.

Waking up with the confusion usually occurs when a person wakes up suddenly in the first half of the night in deep sleep period. This disorder, which is also known as excessive weakness or abnormal drowsiness, causes severe weakness and slowness during calls. People are waking up to the confusion, do not respond well to requests and a poor understanding of the questions that they asked. Moreover, such people often have problems with short-term memory and the next day do not remember what they were doing at that moment.

Violation of rhythmic movements common in children aged one year or less. The baby can lie flat, raise the head or the upper part of the body, then with the power to flop on the pillow. hands and knees can participate in the syndrome of rhythmic movements (rocking). These symptoms usually appear before falling asleep.

Speaking in a dream - a violation of the transition from sleep to wakefulness phase. While speaking in a dream is harmless, but it can affect sleep are you close friends or family members. Speaking may take a short time and take the form of simple sounds or long sentences. The man who speaks in a dream, do not usually remember their actions. Speaking during sleep can be caused by external factors such as heat, emotional stress, or other sleep disorders.