Prostate enlargement - the process of age and natural. Unfortunately, its consequence may be recurrent infections of the kidneys and the urogenital system. Fight naturally difficult process, but slow down and suspend it possible avodart hair growth.

The prostate gland (prostate) - is a male reproductive gland that produces the fluid that delivers sperm from the seminal channels during ejaculation. The prostate surrounds the urethra (the urethra). With age, the body increases. If initially it does not exceed the size of a walnut, then to 40 years reaches apricot, and to 60 years - a lemon.

Due to the increase of the prostate compresses the urethra, causing a weakening of the strength of urine flow. Such an increase is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), or prostate adenoma. This is not a cancer, but a condition that increases the risk of developing prostate cancer.

More than 50% of men with BPH develop symptoms after age 60, and males 70-80 years, the number is 90%.

Why the prostate increases?

Despite the extensive research on the causes prostate enlargement, the answer to the question is not entirely clear. Physicians were able to establish only two risk factors: age and related to the function of the testes. The men who removed the testicles as a young man, do not develop BPH.

Other causes of enlarged prostate:

Reduced testosterone levels. With age, the amount of testosterone in the blood decreases. When this occurs, the proportion of natural estrogen in the human body increases, and can promote the growth of the prostate.

Increased DHT levels. The prostate produces a substance called dihydrotestosterone, or DHT from testosterone. Although older men testosterone level decreases, the production of DHT is not slowing down, so a high level of DHT in the prostate continues to accumulate. This can lead to an increase in prostate cells.

Genetika.Krome addition, scientists believe that genetic program inside some prostate cells can activate their growth into adulthood.

"With the increase of prostate primarily affected the quality of life. Man a few times during the night waking to urinate, can not travel to transport over long distances, constantly attached to the toilet. It is therefore necessary to consult a doctor to discuss tactics and choose the direction of treatment. "

Drug therapy. Medications known as alpha-blockers lower blood pressure and reduced urine flow by relaxing the muscles near the prostate. However, they do not reduce prostate size. There are drugs that reduce the size of prostate by blocking an enzyme which normally interacts with and stimulates testosterone prostate growth. Stopping this interaction, drugs slow down the growth of prostate cancer, and even reduces the size of the prostate.

Surgical intervention. There are several options for surgical treatment of BPH-related prostate enlargement. In extreme cases, the prostate may be removed. A more common surgical approach, which accounts for 90% of the operations is to expand the urethra by trimming excess prostate tissue. This embodiment does not usually cause postoperative complications such as incontinence and impotence.

Unfortunately, even after surgery enlarged prostate may be resumed, if the man stops taking the medicine. If left untreated, BPH can lead to infections of the genitourinary system, kidney, formation of stones in the bladder. That is why it is so important to see a doctor at the first symptoms.