Diabetes - a disease of the endocrine system, which occurs due to insulin deficiency and characterized by metabolic disorders and in particular carbohydrate metabolism coupon for januvia.

Diabetes - a disease of the endocrine system, which occurs due to insulin deficiency and characterized by metabolic disorders and in particular carbohydrate metabolism. In diabetes the pancreas loses the ability to secrete the necessary amount of insulin or insulin-producing the desired quality.

The name "diabetes", according to the decision of the World Health Organization, 1985, is the name of a list of diseases that have in common: on a variety of factors, from the owner of any of these diseases rises the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood.

Diabetes refers to a disease is rarely diagnosed.

There are several factors that predispose to the occurrence of diabetes. In the first place there is a genetic predisposition; the second most important cause of diabetes - obesity; the third reason - some diseases that result in loss of the beta cells that produce insulin (this is the disease of the pancreas - pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer, diseases of other endocrine glands). The fourth reason - a variety of viral infections (rubella, chickenpox, infectious hepatitis and certain other diseases, including influenza); on the fifth place is the nervous stress as a predisposing factor; in sixth place among the risk factors - age. Than people over, the greater the reason to fear diabetes. It is believed that increasing the age for every ten years, the likelihood of developing diabetes is increased twice.

In rare cases, lead to diabetes, some hormonal disorders, diabetes is sometimes called the defeat of the pancreas occurring after the use of certain medications, or by prolonged alcohol abuse.

Depending on the causes of the blood glucose rise, diabetes is divided into two major groups: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes first type - insulin. It is associated with damage to the pancreas, the absolute failure of their own insulin and requires insulin. Type 1 diabetes occurs usually at a young age (of this form of diabetes suffer mostly young people under 30 years).

The second type of diabetes - insulin-independent, arises in connection with relative insulin deficiency. In the early stages of disease insulin is usually not required. Type 2 diabetes - a disease of middle-aged (elderly people suffer them mostly). In such patients, insulin is produced, and, keeping to a diet, leading an active life, these people can achieve that for quite a long time, the sugar level will correspond to the norm, and complications can be avoided safely. This type of diabetes treatment can be limited only to the reception tablets drugs, but in some patients over time, there is a need for supplemental insulin. This is not a mild form of diabetes, as previously thought, because it is type 2 diabetes is one of the major risk factors for coronary heart disease (angina, myocardial infarction), hypertension, and others. Cardiovascular disease.